Important Role of Negligence: Bike Accidents

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On May 25, 2023
Utah's best personal injury attorney

Bike accidents can have devastating consequences, resulting in injuries, property damage, and even loss of life. When it comes to determining liability in bike accidents, negligence plays a crucial role. Negligence refers to the failure to exercise reasonable care, which can result in harm to others. In this blog post, we will delve into the role of negligence in bike accidents, exploring how it is established and its implications for determining liability. Understanding negligence is vital for both cyclists and motorists as we work towards creating safer roads and reducing the risk of accidents.

Understanding Negligence

  1. Definition of Negligence:
    • Negligence refers to the failure to exercise reasonable care in a given situation, resulting in harm or injury to others.
    • Negligence can apply to both cyclists and motorists in bike accidents. The cyclists can be negligent and cause an accident and cars can too.
  2. Elements of Negligence:
    • To prove negligence in a bike accident, there are four elements that need to be proven. These elements are: duty of care, breach of duty, causation, and damages.

Establishing Negligence in Bike Accidents

  1. Duty of Care:
    • The defendant owed a legal duty of care to the plaintiff. This duty varies depending on the relationships between the parties and the circumstances of the case. For example, motorists and cyclists have a duty to operate safely and obey traffic laws.
  2. Breach of Duty:
    • The defendant breached their duty of care by failing to act or behaving in a manner that falls below the expected standard of care. This breach can occur through negligent actions or omissions.
  3. Causation:
    • The defendant’s breach of duty was the direct cause of the plaintiff’s injuries or damages. It must be shown that the harm suffered by the plaintiff would not have occurred without the defendant’s negligent conduct.
  4. Damages:
    • The plaintiff must have suffered actual damages or harm as a result of the defendant’s negligence. This can include physical injuries, emotional distress, property damage, medical expenses, and financial losses.

Comparative Negligence

  1. Contributory Negligence:
    • The situation where the plaintiff is found to have contributed to their own injuries through their own negligence or failure to exercise reasonable care.
    • If the plaintiff is found to even be slightly at fault, they may be completely barred from recovering any compensation for the accident.
  2. Comparative Negligence:
    • It determines the degree of fault and allocates damages between the parties involved. It allows plaintiffs to recover damages proportionate to their level of fault. There are two types of comparative negligence for different jurisdictions.
    • Pure Comparative Negligence: The damages awarded are reduced by the percentage of fault assigned to the plaintiff. If the plaintiff is found to be 60% at fault and the damages awarded are $100,000, the plaintiff would receive $40,000
    • Modified Comparative Negligence: Some jurisdictions have adopted modified comparative negligence rules, which come in two forms:
      • 50% Bar Rule: The plaintiff is barred from recovering damages if they are found to be equally or more at fault than the defendant.
      • 51% Bar Rule: The plaintiff is barred from recovering damages if they are found to be 51% or more at fault. However, if the plaintiff’s assigned fault is 50% or less, they can still recover damages.

Importance of Legal Representation

Choosing a personal injury attorney that is well versed in all the elements of negligence is important. An attorney is able to assess liability, negotiate with insurance companies, and protect the plaintiff. Most importantly, an attorney can collect evidence. In cases dealing with negligence, evidence can support or not support a negligence claim. Evidence can include witness statements, accident reports, photographs, and medical records.

Establishing negligence is crucial in determining liability in bike accidents. By understanding the elements of negligence, such as duty of care, breach of duty, causation, and damages, individuals involved in bike accidents can better navigate the legal process. Whether you are a cyclist or a motorist, it is essential to exercise caution, follow traffic laws, and respect the rights of others to prevent accidents and promote safer roads. In the event of a bike accident, call Shane Gosdis immediately. To schedule a free consultation call (385) 429-9960 or email today.

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